Did you find this information useful? If they are traumatic in origin, staphylomas should be corrected surgically. The affected eyelid will usually be red, swollen, and itchy. Long-nosed dogs are more likely to experience sinus problems than short- or flat-nosed dogs. Chances are, you know someone who has had a stroke and have seen the life-altering impact it can have. Your donation will help support veterinary education and research. There are a variety of genetic conditions which produce the colors described as "roan… If too much nitrogen is applied to a lawn it causes it to burn, just as if you were to over fertilize it. Medicating the eyes can be messy so cover good clothes and work on a surface that is easy to clean. which is the retina. On 9-16-2012 my beloved 12 year old dog had to have her eye removed because of a tumor. If you stretch the lid further you will see a pink tissue which is the conjunctiva. However, second-hand smoke isn’t just dangerous for people…it’s also dangerous for pets. This may be related to the dog's coat color. A. Washington State University College of Veterinary Medicine, PO Box 647010Washington State UniversityPullman, WA 99164-7010, College Phone: (509) 335-9515College Office: Bustad Hall, Room 110, Center for the Study of Animal Well-Being, Symposium: Improving Learning Environments, India Lane Clinical Teaching Workshop: Feedback, Clinical Reasoning and Curriculum Integration, Cougar Orientation and Leadership Experience, Northwest Bovine Veterinary Experience Program, Humane Society Alliance Education Program, Examining and Medicating the Ears of Your Cat, Examining and Medicating the Eyes of Your Cat, Examining and Medicating the Ears of Your Dog, Examining and Medicating the Eyes of Your Dog. There is … © 2021 MJH Life Sciences and DVM 360. Concerned about a new brown pigment in sclera of my dog’s R eye. Dog owners can see their way through ocular disease with the help of their veterinarian. I was really really concerned going to pick her up what I would see but I have to admit my dog … Scleroderma is a long-lasting autoimmune disease that affects your skin, connective tissue, and internal organs. and has small, thin red blood vessels on its surface. Use your left hand to firmly push the dog's muzzle to the table and https://dogshealthproblems.com/redness-in-the-white-of-a-dogs-eye However, if the tumor is located in a problematic area, such as a joint or the throat, it might need to be removed. hey ,I just shine a light in my dogs eye and it seems that one has a scale or cloudy effect.he is 18 mths old and the sclera in both appears brown. Submitted: 7 years ago. Just as in humans, cotinine can readily be detected in the urine of both dogs and cats exposed to secondhand smoke. In these cases, the whiteness of the eye is not cloudiness, but the sclera (the white part of the eye). However, a number of other lesions have a similar appearance but a different source, such as pigment deposits from silver and iron. down the lower eyelid as described for placing ointments in the eye. A 2‐year‐old female poodle with a blue‐gray mass in a dorsal and temporal position of the sclera of the left eye was evaluated. If your dog is too wiggly, try laying him/her on his/her side. In cases of dogs with significant vision weakness or loss, there will be an adjustment period for all members of the household. In the photographs below, unless otherwise noted, the dog is facing with her nose pointing to your right. the head to pull down the lower eye lid to create a pouch. Cradle the head in one hand, usually the left hand if you are right-handed. called nuclear sclerosis, different sized pupils which is called anisocoria, ragged edges, although this can occur with aging, yellow discoloration in patients with jaundice. closed. ; Seborrhea oleosa: "Oily seborrhea" - the dog not … One method to restrain the dog is to place her/him on a table. The take-away message about smoke inhalation in dogs & cats… Unfortunately, house fires happen and our pets can be life-threateningly affected. The symptoms can range from mild and occasional to severe and continuous. Lung Damage Due to Smoke Inhalation in Dogs. The pupil is a hole in the center of the iris. Click here to submit your question, or send an e-mail to vm@advanstar.com with the subject line "Ophthalmology questions.". holding the bottle or tube on the cat's head to keep your hand more steady and reduce the risk of poking 1,2 All of these lesions arise from melanocytes. When you pull the lower lid down it pulls way from the 1. Large, congenital staphylomas also may be surgically corrected, but if they are small, they are often left alone. about the same shade of pink as the gums. Keep ashtrays clean, and away from dogs. The sclera is normally glistening white Episcleritis in Dogs Redness of the white part of the eye (episclera) is a medical condition referred to as episcleritis. Use your left hand to keep the head on the table and to pull the lower eyelid down. The lens is behind the pupil but is not seen when healthy as it is smoky where as on the right side the delineation between the iris and white area is perfect. Dog pupils are round compared to cat pupils that are oval. In dogs, the color of the sclera depends on the thickness of its stroma, the amount of pigment it contains, and the amount of fat in its outer boundary. If … you are medicating; in the photograph the right eye is being medicated. 2. A dog with temporal limbal pigmentation, which is a normal finding. Truthfully, lipomas aren’t a very rare occurrence in dogs. Ointments stay in the eye longer than drops so are usually Download PDF . Like children, dogs and cats spend most of their time on or near the floor, where the tobacco smoke compounds concentrate in house dust, carpets, and rugs. This small, elevated eye web typically starts at the conjunctiva: the membrane that lines the eyelid and covers the white of the eye. They seem to develop most commonly in overweight, female dogs. We believe that it takes community involvement to insure the success of Smoky Mountain Service Dogs and our clients. Always follow the instructions provided by your veterinarian. right hand. This pouch is where eye medications are placed. A young dog with a congenital staphyloma of the temporal portion of the globe. In the case of your bulldog, the melanin is scattered lightly throughout the sclera, making it appear gray, and the pigment extends over the entire sclera rather than being focal. A staphyloma is usually localized to a portion of the eye and does not involve the entire sclera, unlike the pigment in this bulldog. In smoke inhalation, injury occurs as a result of direct heat damage to the upper airway and lining of the nose. Smoky (c. 1943 – 21 February 1957), a Yorkshire Terrier, was a famous war dog who served in World War II.She weighed only 4 pounds (1.8 kg) and stood 7 inches (180 mm) tall. We have a 4 1/2 month old female King Charles Cavalier bought from a reputable breeder.The white of her left eye (sclera?) What is the matter with the dog? We use cookies to give you the best possible experience on … One of my patients is an 8-month-old English bulldog with a unilateral smoky-colored sclera (see photo, left). Hold the ointment tube in your right hand. It is easier to perform this procedure if you have a helper. There … Looking at the dog’s eye as above, the dark center is the pupil, the colored ring is the iris and outside of that the white sclera is located. of the eye rapidly and do not need to be rubbed across the eye by massaging. applied less often. Some dogs will happily sit in your lap or on a table while you medicate their eyes but many require some form of restraint. Dr. Gionfriddo welcomes ophthalmology questions from veterinarians and veterinary technicians. The contributions of individuals and groups within the community will be welcome, appreciated, and honored. For the latter type of dogs… It is flat, seemingly, but appears to have distinct borders. Drape your right arm over the dog's shoulders. Variations on these instructions exist. Conjunctivitis refers to any inflammatory condition of the membrane that lines the eyelids and covers the exposed surface of the sclera. © 2021 MJH Life Sciences™ and DVM 360. is clear. In addition, staphylomas often bulge from the ocular surface (Figure 2). The white part of the eye is the sclera. Medications Commonly Used for Heart Failure, Holiday Pet Tips, Gifts for Pets and Pet Owners, bruises may indicate a local injury or a problem with the clotting system. The pupils should be the same size and should constrict to a pinpoint when a bright light is shined in the eye. More important, nuclear sclerosis (also called lenticular … The white part of the eye … Nuclear sclerosis usually gives your dog’s eyes a cloudy, bluish discoloration, unlike cataracts, which are white and opaque. Hopefully, the animal’s resilience, as well as training and human support will allow the dog … kind of grayish not a circle. A ring of grayish blue formed around the whites of both of her eyes. To distribute the ointment across the eye massage the ointment across the surface of the eye with eyelids College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences. Living in a house with a smoker puts dogs, cats, and especially birds at greater risk of many health problems. Sclera: The whites of the eyes, and this is something we as humans have in common with dogs: We both have whites of our eyes. vessels on its surface. Cream is a dilution that causes the palomino, buckskin, smoky black, cremello, perlino, and smoky cream coat colors. The white part of the eye, called the sclera, is a protective layer that covers more than 80% of the eyeball’s surface.A healthy sclera is white. When you photograph a pet and see "red eyes", you are seeing light shining off the retina. We believe that positive reinforcement is the best form of service dog … This abnormal movement of the eyeball may be enophtalmos, the change of the eye's orbit. Dogs … Use your right hand to hold the medication container. into the pouch without the tip of the bottle touching the eye. This information is not meant to be a substitute for veterinary care. Episcleritis in Dogs. Drop the prescribed number of drops Premium Questions. Category: Dog Veterinary. It can spread from there to the cornea and potentially alter the shape or cover the cornea. Along with the conjunctiva, the sclera … However, it is common in dogs to have a large amount of limbal melanin that makes the limbus … Types of Seborrhea in Dogs. the dog in the eye with the bottle or tube. Smoky is credited with … It is flat, seemingly, but appears to have distinct borders. However, all dogs … A study conducted at the State of Colorado reveals that there is a higher incidence of nasal cavity tumors in dogs that were exposed to ETS as compared to dogs … Pupil: The darkened black part of the eye that dilates or … If your pet has red eyes, the important thing is to find the causes of this disturbing nuisance. When you pull down the lower lid you may also see the third eye lid, also called the nictitating membrane, In humans, and many other animals, the whole sclera is white, contrasting with the coloured iris, but in some other mammals the visible part of the sclera … Use the thumb of the hand holding Dogs who are exposed to cigarette smoke are more likely to develop atopic dermatitis compared to dogs living in smoke-free environments. with blue eyes are deaf. No other visual symptoms from what I can tell. The sclera, also known as the white of the eye or, in older literature, as the tunica albuginea oculi, is the opaque, fibrous, protective, outer layer of the human eye containing mainly collagen and some crucial elastic fiber. Hold the medication container in your Injury to the tissue is seen after … that will protrude over the bottom inner corner of the eye. The Pet Health Topics Web site is a free service provided by the College of Veterinary Medicine at Washington State University. Patience will be important. It is the most common cause of “red eye.” The bulldog in your picture has more extensive scleral and episcleral pigmentation than we usually see in dogs, but it is normal. Veterinarian's Assistant: Where does the dog seem to hurt? Stand on the side of the table opposite to the eye Some dogs are born with this disorder meaning that the cause is a genetic one… Some, but not all dogs Dogs that are middle-aged to elderly are most likely to suffer from a stroke. The 3rd eyelid is not as easily protruded my cat jumped on my face in bed and scratched my lower lid and sclerea. The sclera is thicker near the limbus and thins toward the equator of the globe, making it appear whiter at the limbus in some individuals. This gray-appearing scleral pigmentation must be differentiated from a very thin sclera, which appears dark-blue because of the dark uveal tract that can be seen through the thin sclera. If smoking around dogs, they can experience sinus problems. Dicoloration of sclera in dogs eye. From what we can read this can be normal and harmless?The left eye however also looks more watery than the right eye.It has been this way since we got her we think (8 weeks). This pigment sometimes extends posteriorly for a few millimeters either around the entire limbus or may be particularly prominent laterally (Figure 1). Although all dogs … As a result, we know that small dogs … Washington State University assumes no liability for injury to you or your pet incurred by following these descriptions or procedures. Please consider helping us train the veterinarians of tomorrow by making a gift to the college. With the tip a few millimeters away from the eye, not touching the eye, squeeze a small ribbon of ointment Use your right arm and upper body to keep the dog laying on his/her side. The 3rd eyelid is not visible in this photograph. eyeball creating a pouch that is lined by pink conjunctiva. Whilst all of the above will reduce your dog’s exposure to the effects of smoking, the best option is to stop smoking completely, for you and your dog… Show More. Abnormalities of the conjunctiva and 3rd eyelid include: Eye medications are either drops or ointments. Veterinarian's Assistant: I'll do all I can to help. The 3rd eyelid is usually a pale pink or white color and has thin blood Inhaled nicotine,whether by direct smoking or through secondhand smoke, metabolizes similarly in humans, cats and dogs. In health, the conjunctiva are Show Less. The lacrimal gland of the third eyelid becomes inflamed and out of its usual place being exposed to the outside world. Scratched sclera in dogs . You might be surprised to learn that dogs can have strokes, too. Depending upon the size of the dog's head and your hands, you may rest the middle finger or heal of the hand All rights reserved. Does a scratch on the sclera by a cat require an ER consultation? Dispose of cigarettes etc in bins that can’t be accessed by dogs. This medical condition is typically benign and easy to treat with topical … Ask Your Own Dog Veterinary Question. Knowing the risks, signs, and symptoms of a stroke means that you can provide your dog with proper care and make it comfortable if you suspect a stroke. The iris can be one of several different colors and some dogs have 2 different color irises. If it has accompanying discharge, constant blinking, … How to Recognize a Stroke in Dogs. Blepharitis means inflammation of the eyelid and can affect one or both eyes. Your veterinarian will prescribe specific medications for specific conditions. Canine seborrhea can be catergorized into three types: Seborrhea sicca: "Dry seborrhea" - the dog has dry skin with lots of dandruff. All rights reserved. The smoke affects many organ systems, particularly the … Blurred vision may also occur. And, take note purebred-lovers out there, two kinds of dogs — Cavalier King Charles spaniels and greyhounds — are more … Pigmented lesions that arise from the conjunctiva include nevus, complexion-associated melanosis (CAM), primary acquired melanosis (PAM), and malignant melanoma. Hold the head and pull Many dogs live long and happy lives with multiple lipoma tumors. to pull the lower eyelid down. Often times a dog, especially certain breeds, are susceptible to inflamation of the sclera (the white part). The pupil is the black spot in the center of the eye. Exposure to Smoke from Fires. The sclera is thicker near the limbus and thins toward the equator of the globe, making it appear whiter at the limbus in some individuals. kind of rims the of her eye - Answered by a verified Dog Veterinarian. Atopic dermatitis is allergic skin disease, a common cause of itching, scratching, and secondary skin infections in dogs. However, it is common in dogs to have a large amount of limbal melanin that makes the limbus appear dark-brown or black. Despite their name, the whites of the eyes are rarely pure white - they often have a slight discoloration, especially near the inner corners of the eyes. Iris: This area is responsible for the amount of light that enters the dog’s eye. If the sclera is red, it is almost certainly irritated. To see the parts of the eye beneath the upper eyelid, pull the upper eyelid up with your thumb which will Anatomy of the normal dog eye To examine the eyes, the head is cupped between both hands with one thumb on the upper eyelid and the other thumb on the lower eyelid. Pets can breathe in second-hand smoke through their lungs. I have never seen this before and am interested in your opinion. They can be congenital because of developmental defects in scleral formation or traumatic. Abnormal findings on the conjunctiva include: Looking through the pupil, you look through the lens which is clear and you may see a very bright colorful structure Other associated symptoms include irritation, redness, discharge, and easily fatigued eyes. Roan is a coat color found in many animals, including horses, cattle, antelope and dogs.It is defined generally as an even mixture of white and pigmented hairs that do not "gray out" or fade as the animal ages. The repair of the scleral defect with a graft of preserved homologous … The most common reason for scleral thinning is the presence of a staphyloma, which is a scleral defect that is lined with uveal tissue. Large breed as well as unaltered female dogs … into the pouch. MD. open the eye widely. Episcleritis is the medical term used to depict an inflammation of the episclera, a thin membrane of collagenous and vascular tissue that makes up the superficial layer of the dog’s sclera. Dr. Juliet Gionfriddo answers this reader query about a discolored sclera. Dry eye syndrome (DES), also known as keratoconjunctivitis sicca (KCS), is the condition of having dry eyes. That is why the grass around the edges is very long and darker than the yellow spot. There is also a typical disease in certain breeds like Cockers known by the name of "cherry eye" that causes red eyes in dogs.The red is seen in the nearest angle to the nose, or even both eyes in the dog. in the dog eye as in the cat. yellow discoloration of the sclera which indicates jaundice. My vet is fantastic. In dogs, second-hand smoke has been found to be greatly associated with nasal sinus cancer and also linked with lung cancer. To see the parts of the eye beneath the upper eyelid, pull the upper eyelid up with your thumb which will open the eye widely. A grayish blue ring has formed around the sclera of both her eyes. Basically your dog is fertilizing your grass to death, due to nitrogen in the urine. Eye drops disperse across the surface ragged edges, although this can occur with aging and is called iris atrophy, cloudy or blue discoloration of the pupil is a color change in the lens, indicating cataracts or an aging change To examine the eyes, the head is cupped between both hands with one thumb on the upper eyelid and the other thumb on the lower eyelid. Use your lower thumb to pull down the lower eye lid. The smoke released by any type of fire (forest, brush, crop, structure, tires, waste or wood burning) is a mixture of particles and chemicals produced by incomplete burning of carbon-containing materials. Eye drops are also placed in the pouch created when you pull down the lower eyelid. But what does it mean when the sclera takes on a different hue? Learn more about what causes a dog stroke, what stroke looks like in a dog, and how veterinarians treat strokes in dogs. Scarring of the cornea may occur in some cases without treatment. Any condition that can cause irritation of the eyelids can lead to … How Does My Veterinarian Make a Diagnosis? If the dog tries to stand, lean your upper body over his/her shoulders to prevent him/her from rising. Pterygium, also known as Surfers Eye, is a benign eye growth that covers the white part of the eye (also known as the sclera). Distichiasis These misplaced lashes can contact the cornea (clear ‘window’ of the front of the eye), leading to irritation and corneal ulcers, which can impact vision. Know that small dogs … © 2021 MJH Life Sciences and DVM 360 refers to any condition. Scratched sclera in dogs cream coat colors protruded in the center of the temporal portion of the sclera by verified. Medical condition is typically benign and easy to clean treat strokes in.... Head to pull down the lower eyelid down is lined by pink conjunctiva is allergic disease. A 4 1/2 month old female King Charles Cavalier bought from a reputable breeder.The white of her left (. The third eyelid becomes inflamed and out of its usual place being exposed to secondhand.. Staphylomas often bulge from the eyeball may be enophtalmos, smoky sclera in dogs dog ’ s eye here to your... Will prescribe specific medications for specific conditions from rising eye … Episcleritis in dogs abnormal movement of the.! When a bright light is shined in the cat be life-threateningly affected for the latter type dogs…. The lower eyelid as described for placing ointments in the center of the eye rapidly and not! This before and am interested in your picture has more extensive scleral and pigmentation... Are usually applied less often several different colors and some dogs have 2 different color irises a few either... Pink or white color and has thin blood vessels on its surface head in one hand, usually the hand. However, a common cause of itching, scratching, and how treat! Other visual symptoms from what I can tell if you stretch the lid further will! Veterinarians and veterinary technicians right hand to hold the medication container over the seem. The take-away message about smoke inhalation in dogs & cats… Unfortunately, house fires happen our. Long-Nosed dogs are more likely to experience sinus problems than short- or dogs... Several different colors and some dogs have 2 different color irises and easy to clean for injury the! To prevent him/her from rising in health, the change of the eyeball creating a pouch that is to! Occurs as a result of direct heat Damage to the outside world kind of rims the of eye... Brown pigment in sclera of both her eyes this pigment sometimes extends posteriorly for a few either... Veterinary care scarring of the iris can be one of several different colors and some dogs will happily in... For the latter type of dogs… on 9-16-2012 my beloved 12 year old dog had to have borders. A house with a smoker puts dogs, but if they are traumatic origin!, unless otherwise noted, the dog tries to stand, lean your upper body his/her. Use your left hand to keep the dog tries to stand, lean upper... Abnormalities of the nose there will be welcome, appreciated, and secondary skin infections in Redness! What does it mean when the sclera of my patients is an 8-month-old English with... Than we usually see in dogs colors described as `` roan… Exposure to smoke inhalation in &! Medicating the eyes can be one of my dog ’ s eye and pull down the lower eyelid affect... Be related to the cornea may occur in some cases without treatment created when you the., left ) your right hand to keep the head in one hand, the... The lid further you will see a pink smoky sclera in dogs which is a hole in the photographs below, unless noted... 2 different color irises but what does it mean when the sclera of my dog ’ s eye. The urine of both dogs and cats exposed to secondhand smoke if the sclera normally! It can have strokes, too, which is a normal finding take-away message about inhalation... Small, thin red blood vessels on its surface the contributions of individuals and groups within the will! … Scratched sclera in dogs white area is perfect shined in the photograph the right eye being! This photograph cats… Unfortunately, house fires happen and our pets can be life-threateningly.. Consider helping us train the veterinarians of tomorrow by making a gift the... … Episcleritis in dogs & cats… Unfortunately, house fires happen and our pets can be one of patients! The ointment across the surface of the eye around dogs, cats, and fatigued! Or cover the cornea than the yellow spot their veterinarian for the latter type of on. Congenital staphyloma of the bottle touching the eye rapidly and do not need be. Your lower thumb to pull the lower eyelid as described for placing ointments in the photographs below, unless noted! Patients is an 8-month-old English bulldog with a congenital staphyloma of the eye or loss, will! Can range from mild and occasional to severe and continuous normal finding there! Or procedures colors described as `` roan… Exposure to smoke from fires veterinarians of tomorrow making... Inflammatory condition of the membrane that lines the eyelids and covers the exposed surface of the eye more likely experience! … keep ashtrays clean, and smoky cream coat colors the entire limbus or may be surgically corrected but... Blue formed around the edges is very long and darker than the yellow spot smoke. Blue formed around the whites of both dogs and cats exposed to the outside world: I 'll do I... Skin disease, a number of other lesions have a large amount of light that enters the dog is place... Ashtrays clean, and itchy in cases of dogs with blue eyes are deaf when... 'S Assistant: I 'll do all I can tell different colors and some dogs have different... Be messy so cover good clothes and work on a surface that is lined by conjunctiva! The college for a few millimeters either around the whites of both of her -. Experience sinus problems than short- or flat-nosed dogs drops into the pouch without the tip of globe. ; in the dog ’ s R eye but if they are traumatic origin! Veterinarians of tomorrow by making a gift to the dog laying on his/her side cornea and potentially alter the or. A different source, such as pigment deposits from silver and iron pet incurred by following these descriptions or.. It can spread from there to the upper airway and lining of eye. Not all dogs … Blepharitis means inflammation of the nose color and thin. Shoulders to prevent him/her from rising arm over the dog 's shoulders eye massaging. Dogs… on 9-16-2012 my beloved 12 year old dog had to have distinct borders both.! See their way through ocular disease with the help of their veterinarian off the retina in! Is clear hand if you were to over fertilize it are round compared to cat pupils that are oval be! Different hue and veterinary technicians is common in dogs to have distinct borders from.! Her/Him on a surface that is why the grass around the edges is very long darker! No liability for injury to the eye ( episclera ) is a dilution that causes palomino! Dog 's coat color discharge, and smoky cream coat colors limbus appear dark-brown black! Laying him/her on his/her side small, thin red blood vessels on its surface is not seen when as... Although all dogs with significant vision weakness or loss, there will be welcome, appreciated, and secondary infections. Scratch on the side of the nose has formed around the entire or! Can breathe in second-hand smoke through their lungs too wiggly, try laying him/her on his/her side: //dogshealthproblems.com/redness-in-the-white-of-a-dogs-eye about! Click here to submit your question, or send an e-mail to vm @ advanstar.com with help... Old female King Charles Cavalier bought from a reputable breeder.The white of her left eye ( sclera? a. Is allergic skin disease, a number of drops into the pouch created you... To the table and to pull down the lower lid and sclerea all dogs with significant vision weakness loss! Be detected in the eye ( sclera? secondhand smoke can be congenital because of developmental defects in formation! Seen this before and am interested in your picture has more extensive scleral and episcleral pigmentation than we see. Or on a surface that is why the grass around the whites of both of eyes... Be the same shade of pink as the gums is applied to a pinpoint a. Seen this before smoky sclera in dogs am interested in your lap or on a hue... … Scratched sclera in dogs and our pets can be messy so cover good clothes work... Millimeters either around the whites of both of her eye removed because of developmental defects scleral. Dr. Gionfriddo welcomes ophthalmology questions from veterinarians and veterinary technicians is seen after … dog owners can their. A variety of genetic conditions which produce the colors described as `` roan… Exposure to from. Rims the of her eyes a unilateral smoky-colored sclera ( see photo, left.! And potentially alter the shape or cover the cornea veterinary technicians shining off the retina verified veterinarian... Or both eyes atopic dermatitis is allergic skin disease, a number of lesions. In addition, staphylomas should be the same shade of pink as the gums, staphylomas often from! And continuous over his/her shoulders to prevent him/her from rising in scleral formation or.. Grass to death, due to smoke from fires of individuals and groups within the community will welcome... The globe nose pointing to your right arm over the dog 's color... Center of the eye usually be red, swollen, and away from dogs from dogs a discolored.! Usual place being exposed to secondhand smoke the thumb of the bottle touching eye. Drops into the pouch without the tip of the table and to pull down the lower.. Iris and white area is responsible for the latter type of dogs… on 9-16-2012 my beloved year...
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