Thus, caste plays different kinds of roles in politics. On an average an Indian woman works one hour more than an average man every day. (2012) Answer: Feminist […] For instance, Caste has also emerged as major vote bank factor during elections. In some cases, caste division leads to tensions, conflict and even violence. When state power is used to establish the domination of one religious group over the rest. Privacy Policy. In each case, you look at the nature of the division in India and how it gets expressed in politics. However in almost all areas of work, from sports and cinema, to factories and fields, women are paid less than men, even when both do exactly the same work. To gain support political parties raise caste-based issues during elections to get political support, as ‘one man one vote’ system or adult franchise has made the voter very powerful. Disadvantages: (i) Caste-based politics diverts attention from main issues such as poverty, corruption etc. Various caste groups are formed with other castes or communities and then they enter into a dialogue and negotiation. Video "Women's representation in politics" for CBSE Class 10 Political science Chapter 4 Gender religion and caste. Ans. Required fields are marked *, Class 10 Social Science Political Science. Find videos notes and more@learnfatafat.com The Constitution provides to all individuals and communities freedom to profess, practice and propagate any religion, or not to follow any. Now there are more than 10 lakh elected women representatives in rural and urban local bodies. Name the movements which agitate for women’s rights. Earlier, only men were allowed to participate in public affairs, vote and contest for public offices. Democracy is based on principles of equality. In some situations, expression of caste differences in politics gives many disadvantaged communities the space to demand their share of power. At the same time, the Constitution allows the state to intervene in the matters of religion in order to ensure equality within religious communities. As India is a male-dominated, PATRIARCHAL society, women face disadvantage, discrimination and oppression in various ways: Issues related to women are not given adequate attention. ... “The focus on caste in politics can sometimes give an impression that elections are all about caste and nothing else. New kinds of caste groups have come up in the political arena like ‘backward’ and ‘forward’ caste groups. What is the percentage of seats reserved for women in local bodies? The caste system also becomes politicised when caste groups are required to enter into a coalition with other castes. It demanded to enhance the political and legal status of women and improve their educational and career opportunities. NCERT Book Solutions For Class 10 Civics Democratic Politics -II Chapter 4 Gender, Religion and Caste *According to the Revised CBSE Syllabus 2020-21, this chapter has been removed. The most common expression of communalism is in everyday beliefs. (i) The followers of a particular religion must belong to one community. There are reports of various kinds of harassment, exploitation and violence against women. Urban areas have become particularly unsafe for women.They are not safe even within their own home from beating, harassment and other forms of domestic violence. A communal mind often leads to a quest for political dominance of one’s own religious community. (ii) Many political parties take up the issue of ending caste discrimination. Social Science Class 10 Important Questions Political Science Chapter 4 Gender, Religion and Caste Question 1. Q.1. It will have all the chapters of all the Subjects. Gender division is an example that some form of social division needs to be expressed in politics. Members of a particular caste usually have a sense of belonging to their own community. Political mobilisation on religious lines involves the use of sacred symbols, religious leaders, emotional appeal and plain fear in order to bring the followers of one religion together in the political arena. Though the role of women in world politics is increasing but still, it is a male-dominated society. The Equal Remuneration Act, 1976 provides that equal wages should be paid to equal work. Contact Us | 17. When we look at school results, girls perform as well as boys, if not better in some places. This is possible only when you have the best CBSE Class 10 Social Science study material and a smart preparation plan. Communalism can take various forms in politics: ï�¬, Preparing for IIT JEE or AIPMT or CA CPT, © Copyright Pivotal | There are many other factors that impact the elections. Find videos notes and more@learnfatafat.com In India, sex-selective abortion led to a decline in child sex ratio (number of girl children per thousand boys). With economic development, large scale urbanisation, growth of literacy and education, occupational mobility and the weakening of the position of landlords in the villages, the old notions of Caste Hierarchy are breaking down. Each caste group tries to become bigger by incorporating within it neighbouring castes or sub-castes. Similarly, a smaller proportion of girl students go for higher studies. Q.1. So, go through the “CBSE Notes Class 10 Political Science Chapter 4 – Gender, Religion and Caste” and know about all the topics in detail. The Constitution prohibits discrimination on grounds of religion. ADVERTISEMENTS: Read this article to learn about the relationship between caste and politics in Indian society. Class 10 Political Science Chapter 4 Important Extra Questions and Notes (Civics Chapter 4) Gender, Religion and Caste updated for new academic session 2020-2021 based on latest NCERT Books and following the new CBSE Curriculum 2020-21. These routinely involve religious prejudices, stereotypes of religious communities and belief in the superiority of one’s religion over other religions. NCERT Solutions Class 10 Social Science Democratic Politics Chapter 4 Gender, Religion and Caste. 2020-21 But they drop out because parents prefer to spend their resources for their boys’ education rather than spending equally on their sons and daughters. No party wins the votes of all the voters of a caste or community. In India, there are followers of different religions. Here are a few points that support this; Thus, caste plays different kinds of roles in politics. Candidates and parties need to win the confidence of more than one caste and community to win elections. A communal mind often leads to a quest for political dominance of one’s own religious community. Universal adult franchise and the principle of one-person-one-vote compelled political leaders to gear up to the task of mobilising and securing political support. based on gender, religion and caste. Watch video "Caste in politics" explaining forms of caste in politics, other factors that matters electoral politics, etc for CBSE 10 Political Science Advantages: (i) It gives disadvantaged groups the opportunity to demand a share in power and decisionmaking. […] The problem really stems from the role women play in India’s patriarchal society. The Constitution allows the state to intervene in the matters of religion in order to ensure equality within religious communities. The literacy rate among women is only 54 per cent compared with 76 per cent among men. b. The most common expression of communalism is in everyday beliefs involves religious prejudices, stereotypes of religious communities and belief in the superiority of one’s religion over other religions. They were subjected to the inhuman practice of untouchability. About Us | You can access them by visiting CBSE Class 10 Social Science Notes at BYJU’S. When parties choose candidates in elections, they keep in mind the caste composition of the electorate and nominate candidates from different castes so as to muster necessary support to win elections. The Constitution prohibits discrimination on grounds of religion. Home » NCERT Solutions » Class 10 » Political Science » Chapter 4 Gender, Religion and Caste in Politics Chapter 4 Gender, Religion and Caste in Politics Last Updated on June 19, 2019 By Mrs Shilpi Nagpal Leave a Comment Political parties and candidates in elections make appeals to caste sentiment to muster support. There are enough questions which covers the entire Chapter 4 of Class 10 Civics for exams. The use of religion in politics is called communal politics: Communalism can take various forms in politics as mentioned below: India is a secular state. And this differentiation also carries through to our societyas various stereotypes. In this sense-caste politics has helped people from Dalits and OBC castes … MCQ Questions for Class 10 Civics: Ch 4 Gender, Religion and Caste. In each case, you look at the nature of the division in India and how it gets expressed in politics. Solve free politics in caste class 10 mcq questions, helpful for CBSE Class 10 Political Science Chapter 4. Political mobilisation on religious lines is another frequent form of This involves the use of sacred symbols, religious leaders, emotional appeal and plain fear in order to bring the followers of one religion together in the political arena. It also brought new consciousness among the people of castes that were hitherto treated as inferior and low. NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science Civics Democratic Politics Chapter 4 Gender, Religion and Caste Gender Religion and Cast CBSE Class 10 Democratic Policies Chapter 4 NCERT Solutions. (ii) In many places voters vote on the basis of caste and fail to choose suitable candidates. (i) When parties choose candidates in elections, they keep in mind the caste composition of the electorate and nominate candidates from different castes, so as to muster necessary support to win elections. In India, the percentage of elected women members in Lok Sabha touched 12 percent of its total strength for the first time in 2014. Q.1. Various caste groups are required to enter into a coalition with other castes or communities and thus enter into a dialogue and negotiation. There is never any doubt that men and women are different on the basis of biology. Politics too influences the caste system and caste identities by bringing them into the political arena. FEMINIST MOVEMENTS - Women movements aiming at equality in personal and family life. Solve freecaste in politics class 10 mcq questions, helpful for CBSE Class 10 Political Science Chapter 4. Yet much of her work is not paid and therefore often not valued. Caste is leased on inequality by birth. Of late, many caste groups have gained entry into politics by terming themselves as ‘backward’ or ‘forward’ caste groups. In Chapter 4 of Class 10 Political Science, you will study 3 kinds of social differences based on gender, religion and caste that can take the form of social divisions and inequalities. One way to solve women’s problem is to have a fair proportion of women in the elected bodies. The ruling party and the sitting MP or MLA keep changing whenever fresh elections take place. Sometimes communalism takes its most ugly form of communal violence, riots and massacre. This also shows that disadvantaged groups do benefit when social divisions become a political issue. India and Pakistan suffered some of the worst communal riots at the time of the Partition. When parties choose their candidate or when governments are formed, political parties usually take care that representatives of different castes and tribes find a place in it. Social Civics Gender, Religion and Caste CBSE Class 10 SAQ. Caste can take various forms in politics: During elections caste matters, but it is not everything. Sometimes communalism takes its most ugly form of communal violence, riots and massacre. (iii) Measures for uplifting the status of the backward castes will be undertaken. Jun 02,2020 - Q: Different between caste in politics and politics in caste? We still have a male dominated, PATRIARCHAL society. The gender division tends to be understood as natural and unchangeable. Urban areas have become particularly unsafe for women. Gradually the gender issue was raised in politics. In many parts of India parents prefer to have sons and find ways to have the girl child aborted before she is born. On an average, an Indian woman works one hour more than an average man every day and yet much of her work is not paid. The result of this division of labour is that though women constitute half of humanity, their role in public life, especially politics, is minimal in most societies. There is no official religion for the Indian state. caste in politics: caste in politics explains how caste is an important factor in elections and also it refers to various forms caste can take in politics, and how this issue which is indeed a … When political parties choose candidates, they keep in mind the caste composition of their voters. Our Constitution does not give a special status to any religion. Communal politics is based on the idea that religion is the principal basis of social community. Disclaimer | In the previous chapter, you have learned that Political expression of social differences is possible and sometimes quite desirable in a democratic system. Candidates who are ambitious to qualify the Class 10 with good score can check this article for Notes. The caste system of the present has evolved from the varna system which was based on occupations and on the principle that an occupation passed from one generation to another. Political parties and candidates in elections make appeals to caste sentiment to win the elections. We also ask whether different expressions based on these differences are healthy or otherwi se in a democr acy. The caste can take following forms in politics : (i) Sometimes candidates are chosen on the basis of their caste. Warm Up - Take a Warm Up test with just 10 questions to check your retention. The literacy rate among women is only 54 per cent compared with 76 per cent among men. | EduRev Class 10 Question is disucussed on EduRev Study Group by 190 Class 10 Students. Each caste group tries to become bigger by incorporating within it neighbouring castes or sub-castes which were earlier excluded from it. In the current political scenario of the world, and especially of India women are very poorly represented. over here on EduRev! In Chapter 4 of Class 10 Political Science, you will study 3 kinds of social differences based on gender, religion and caste that can take the form of social divisions and inequalities. Thus, it is not politics that gets caste-ridden, it is the caste that gets politicised. Buy Whole package. That is far from true.” Explain by giving examples. The NCERT Solutions to the questions after every unit of NCERT textbooks aimed at helping students solving … How does the Constitution of India ensure secularism ? Such sex-selective abortion led to a decline in child sex ratio (number of girl children per thousand boys) in the country to merely 914. Politics in caste, explains how politics impacts caste, it explains how various caste based groups are trying to assert their rights in their quest to acquire power and authority. We have compiled History, Geography, Political Science and Geography notes at one place. Question-1 Mention different aspects of life in which women are discriminated or disadvantaged in India. Political Parties have made people belonging to lower castes conscious about their rights to vote and their powers. Caste and politics. Some of the features of India Secular states are: Caste and politics both have some positive and some negative aspects. For example, it bans untouchability. The political expression of gender division and political mobilisation helped to improve women’s role in public life. Ideologically, caste and democracy differ from each other and cannot co-exist because caste advocates fragmentation of society whereas democracy stands for the unification of society. This has led many feminists and women’s movements to the conclusion that unless women control power, their problems will not get adequate attention. CBSE Class 10 Social Civics Gender, Religion and Caste LAQ. ... Ans. Download BYJU’S App and subscribe to YouTube channel to access interactive Maths and Science videos. (2012) Answer: 33% Question 2. There is no official religion for the Indian state. Here on AglaSem Schools, you can access to NCERT Book Solutions in free pdf for Social Science Democratic Politics for Class 10 so that you can refer them as and when required. There is only one-way relation between caste and politics. Caste can take the following forms in politics. The Constitution provides to all individuals and communities freedom to profess, practice and propagate any religion, or not to follow any. With economic development, large scale Urbanisation, growth of literacy and education, Occupational Mobility and the weakening of the position of landlords in the villages, the old notions of Caste Hierarchy are breaking down. People’s assessment of the performance of the government and the popularity rating of the leaders are considered during elections. MCQ Questions for Class 10 Civics: Ch 4 Gender, Religion and Caste. Politics in caste normally takes the following forms : (i) Wide base : Each caste tries to widen its base to gain majority. Various caste groups are required to enter into a coalition with other castes or communities and thus enter into a dialogue and negotiation. Caste system was based on exclusion of and discrimination against the ‘outcaste’ groups. Let’s look at them: In most societies, occupations are passed on from one generation to another. This document is highly rated by Class 10 students and has been viewed 1128 times. Prepare - Deeper check of your Knowledge, take this test of 25 questions. In Panchayats and Municipalities, one-third of seats in local government bodies are reserved for women. You can study other questions, MCQs, videos and tests for Class 10 on EduRev and even discuss your questions like WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN CASTE IN POLITICS AND POLITICS IN CASTE? Social division on the lines of caste is unique to India. Social Civics CBSE Class 10 Gender, Religion and Caste VBQ. Gender, Religion and Caste Class 10 Notes Civics Social Science (S.St) Gender Division • Sexual Division of Labour: A system in which all work inside the home is either done by the women of the family while men are expected to work outside to earn money. Sep 06, 2020 - NCERT Solution - Democratic Politics : Gender, Religion & Caste Class 10 Notes | EduRev is made by best teachers of Class 10. What is the ‘term’ used for a person who believes in equal rights and opportunities for women and men? The Equal Remuneration Act, 1976 provides that equal wages should be paid to equal work. Caste system is an extreme form of this. In previous chapters, you have studied how different tiers of … Keep learning and stay tuned for further updates on CBSE and other competitive exams. Your email address will not be published. Your email address will not be published. The division based on religious differences are often expressed in the field of politics. New kinds of caste groups have come up in the political arena like ‘backward’ and ‘forward’ caste groups. Women face disadvantage, discrimination and oppression in various ways: When beliefs of one religion are presented as superior to those of other religions, when the demands of one religious group are formed in opposition to another and when state power is used to establish domination of one religious group over the rest. For example, it bans untouchability. In such a case, every caste tries to gain maximum benefits for itself. Educa… The Constitution of India prohibited any caste-based discrimination and laid the foundations of policies to reverse the injustices of the caste system. Their fundamental interests are the same. People should be able to express in politics their needs, interests and demands as a member of a religious community. The movements which were raised by women to get equality in personal and family life are called Feminist movements. This manner of using religion in politics is communal politics. In each case we look at the nature of this division in India and how it gets expressed in politics. But one field which is often ignored when it comes to gender bias is that of politics. Some voters have more than one candidate from their caste while many voters have no candidate from their caste. 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Coordination important Question And Answers. 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Caste each caste group tries to gain maximum benefits for itself have all the chapters of all Subjects. Points that support this ; thus, it is not paid and therefore often not valued whenever fresh elections place... Followers of different religions disadvantaged in India, there are more than one from.: ( i ) sometimes candidates are chosen on the idea that religion is the principal basis of differences. Within religious communities caste VBQ that religion is the principal basis of caste.. India Secular states are: caste and politics both have some positive some! Updates on CBSE and other competitive exams, many caste groups have gained entry politics. About caste and nothing else conscious about their rights to vote and for! Se in a Democratic system are called Feminist movements different kinds of caste nothing! Uplifting the status of the division based on the idea that religion is the principal basis caste... 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