[Formerly-Allahabad Agricultural Institute] Want to Start Farming or Agri Business Project? Description. Post-harvest loss is one of the biggest problems which affects economic growth globally. Ginger can be grown both under rain fed and irrigated conditions. Propagation Ginger is vegetatively propagated from small sections of the rhizome, called sets. ��=���ڡ]�nIG�W�2h����G�jp�ܒ�J�Koyr�� �(w���ޠ����ҡ�O�C��V�7YWzz�U�okq����������]m��;v�Y�8�A���EV��ZIO�E� i�c�0�ۢ8i���մ���k�=�) o3�C���c�kK��q!l� >���G���-�:ovP�{�p�A\3��MM�z����.��K�um�@1���z����5�^Ccn�jA�G�4!����\��R�b$w,�?�ҿL�|���/�Gm�����������^�[��B��o��K��q�{�Ӵx)������*�c�I�}��$���kY���7^��&�u����.>ihR�=q�Տ,k�0�-��`ּ��6���,�S���Gv':N�W��!����"6���) ����. Avoid soil on which previously ginger was taken. Your Name. Winner of the Standing Ovation Award for “Best PowerPoint Templates” from Presentations Magazine. However opportunities exist to grow the crop in Western Kenya, mainly in counties bordering the Lake Victoria. The loss depends upon the type of crop is grown. Uses Of Turmeric • To Traditional Ayurvedics, Turmeric is seen as an excellent natural antibiotic, while at the same time it strengthens digestion and helps improve intestinal flora It's not only purifies the blood, but also warms it and stimulates formation of new blood tissue. Ginger is grown in the tropics from sea-level up to 1500 m altitude, but is mostly found at low altitudes. During rainy season there is no need for irrigation. The plants have leafy stems having an avg height of 60 to 90 cm with leaf base, sheathing the stems. 1 / 2. Source of seed: Choose "seed" only from areas without soft rot. The average yield per ha varies from 15 to 25 tonnes. Plant cassava, maize, and yam that do not suffer from soft rot. Ginger Zingiber officinale Rosc. It is a sporadic pest, sometimes causes serious damage. Altitude. Observations on the etiology of rhizome rot of ginger are presented for Fiji and Australia. See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. Tag: Ginger Cultivation Ppt. Value Chain – Ginger - Free download as Powerpoint Presentation (.ppt), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or view presentation slides online. Although the nutrient is directly available to the plant in nitrate form, it is easily lost by leaching. E) Characteristics of Weed species: Weeds differ in their ability to compete with crops at similar density levels. Crop fields must be kept weed free during this period. Ginger grows well in pots, and the benefit is you can move the pots indoors when it gets cold. Alternatively, you can paste the text on web version Grammarly to solve all the Grammar mistakes. Crop can also refer a harvest part or a refined state like shelled or husked produce. ... Root knot infected ginger may have stunted growth with partial yellowing of plants. Good control is achieved by growing the crop under partial shade. The ginger sets can be pre-sprouted in pots or nursery seed beds by covering with a layer of soil or they can be planted directly at the final planting location. the soil has less water retention capacity. When the leaves turn yellow and start gradually drying up, the clumps are lifted carefully with a spade or digging fork and the adhering soil removed. The amount of nutrient solution to apply to the ginger crop depends on the size of the plants; watering will increase as the plants get larger, and also on the growing conditions. The yield of dry ginger is 15-25 percent of the fresh ginger depending upon the variety and location where the crop is grown. Your Email I accept the privacy policy. Ginger is a reed-like plant that is perennial and consists of annual leafy stems that grow to a height of about a meter. Selection Method for Crop Improvement: ... Dahlia, Asparagus, mango ginger etc. The infestation is generally more during August-September. In the food industry, its powdered form is widely used as a condiment/flavoring The rhizomes are separated from the leaves and the roots and soil adhering to it is cleaned. Merits: i. Marginal and tribal farmers mostly rely on ITKs for pest and disease management. It is also cultivated as a subsidiary crop to ginger and chilli. Lunapics Image software free image, art & animated Gif creator. As condiment, ginger is used for flavoring many food products like tomato sauce or ketchup, salad dressings, meat sausages, gravies, pickles, curry dishes and so on. Show: Recommended. Dry air can cause problems with spider mites. In Kenya ginger is grown on a limited scale in the Coastal Lowlands. The ginger clumps are lifted carefully from the soil. Good quality potting soil enriched with compost can be used in containers. Indeed, this root crop is a valuable addition in the kitchen. Download Project Reports. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Ginger plants require an average annual rainfall of between 250 and 300 cm for optimal growth and development and require additional irrigation where rainfall is not adequate. Intercropping is a multiple cropping practice that involves growing two or more crops in proximity. SUBMMITED BY, Silhouette Maker Free Online Photo Editor. The average productivity is about 3 tones/ha. 13 1.5 Production of Horticulture vis-à-vis Foodgrains 13 Are you using Office 2013? Some other products such as candies, cookies, crackers and the carbonated soft drink ginger ale is also made from the ginger root. 1/3 nitrogen and full doses of phosphorus and potassium is applied at the time of planting. It is used as a vital ingredient in a wide range of semi-processed products for the food manufacturing sector and processed products for the retail sector. Warmer conditions means the plants need more water and nutrients per day, and a higher rate of irrigation is used compared to cooler or more humid conditions. Automated greenhouses are established for production of disease-free quality planting material. Ginger is commercially grown in almost all the states of northeastern region. Modern Farm Equipment in Agriculture. This is primarily because of differences in their growth habits and to some extent in the allelopathic effect they may exert on the germination and growth of neighbouring crop plants. Crop Science Agriculture - the production of food, feed, fiber, fuel and other goods by the systematic raising of plants and animals - science, art and business of cultivating the soil, producing crops, and raising livestock - the work of raising crops or livestock - from Latin ager, a field; and cultura, cultivation. In general, even though India leads the world in tea technology, the methods employed to harvest the crop vary with the type of tea and terrain. Buffer Zone. It can be defined as the proportion of area under various crops at a point of time. The production of Ginger in 1 hectare = 15 to 25 tons (depends on soil conditions, variety and climate). If you are planning to grow turmeric organically, then, you must ensure that the crops rotated are also organic. The FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization) estimates that 1/3 rd of food products is lost every year. As the fruits and vegetables are perishable, so their chances are more to get spoiled or degraded. SUBMITTED TO, Cash crop production enables farmers and farm workers to increase their living standards, thus contributing to food security. However, Irrigated crop (Like drip irrigation) can yield up to 30 to 40 tonnes / hectare. Do not plant ginger obtained from neighbours unless the crop was monitored for soft rot; and never plant ginger bought at markets. Removal of mother rhizome is a common practice in Sikkim. Mulching may be repeated @ 7.5 t/ha at 40 and 90 days after planting after weeding, application of fertilizers and earthing up. Ginger plant is a herbaceous perennial crop that belongs to Zingiberaceae. This yield is of non-irrigated crop. The bed should be prepared for planting by digging to soil to a fine tilth and removing any weeds that are present. Turmeric 1. SAM HIGGINBOTTOM INSTITUTE OF AGRICULTURE TECHNOLOGY & There is good news for you. Cultivated up to 1500 m above sea level. Ginger requires 1000-2000mm of rainfall annually . ii. India is a leading producer of ginger in the world and during 2012-13 the country produced 7.45 lakh tonnes of the spice from an area of 1. SCIENCES RAKESH It is the only method to improve the clonal crops. They'll give your presentations a professional, memorable appearance - the kind of sophisticated look that today's audiences expect. The year-wise scheme of clonal selection is as follows: The variety produced is stable possessing all the original characters of the parental clone as such. Cropping pattern is a dynamic concept because it changes over space and time. It offers an opportunity to exploit desirable mutations in somatic parts of plants. By product type, the market can be divided into fresh and processed products. If in doubt, Introduction to. The science, the technology Home | Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Duration of ginger crop … For long-term orchard crops, plant tissue nutrient levels can be logged over time and used as a diagnostic tool to assist in developing a fer-tilizer program. The soil should never dry out. Ginger grows well in warm and humid climate and is cultivated from sea level to an altitude of 1500 m above sea level. Make sure you use a container that allows at least 3 inches of soil around the rhizome. Sort by: Best Ginger Powder | Dry Ginger Powder Jain Farm Fresh | Authentic and Flavorsome - 100% pure and authentic ginger powder retains the taste and flavour of best quaiity fresh ginger and adds value to your food and health. The crop prefers warm, sunny conditions, and though it may benefit from shade during hot periods, especially when young, shading is generally considered unnecessary. Selection Method for Crop Improvement: It is the simplest and oldest breeding method. Usually ginger crop needs frequent irrigations where. Ginger crop generally takes eight months for harvesting. The total water requirement of ginger crop ranges between 1320-1520 mm during the crop cycle. start withering gradually, it indicates that crop is ready to harvest. Manures and fertilizers: Ginger is an exhaustive crop and requires heavy manur-ing for obtaining better yield and quality. Good control is achieved by growing the crop under partial shade. About 1.5-2.0 t seed rhizome are planted during March-April and about 6-8 t of green ginger are harvested per hectare. Ginger Farming Information Guide. Peanuts. An allelopathic crop can potentially be used to control weeds by planting a variety with allelopathic qualities, either as a smother crop, in a rotational sequence, or when left as a residue or mulch, especially in low-till systems, to control subsequent weed growth. Ginger loves humidity. Do not cultivate ginger crop on same site year after year. 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