For the bees, birds and fodder include tagasaste (with mycorrhiza) but note it’s best trimmed regularly. Remove root suckers from your serviceberry if you wish, as they will promote more of a shrub-like, spreading growth habit. Forest shrubs and small trees show great variety in their height, leaves, bark, flowers, and fruit. The next trimming must then be done before the shelter closes in to stop more than 80% of the wind. Most grow to only 15 to 25 feet tall. The larger growing varieties make wonderful specimen trees while the smaller growers are great as part of the … ✚ Trial and error is the way. The showy, white flowers of the Japanese stewartia tree open over a series of weeks in midsummer. It blooms in early spring when the branches are covered in pale pink flowers. Serviceberry trees are in the rose family, and you will notice the similarities in both their white spring flowers and the fruits. Help around the house,Small trees and hedges cut, Nap sac spraying, Weed eating, Garden Maintenance, Green waste removal, Plus other jobs Selected Areas Pukekohe, Tuakau, Waiuku, Drury, Papakura... . Also, aim to plant a young eastern redbud and then leave it in place, as these trees typically don’t do well with transplanting. 2) Keep to very narrow, upright growth. That area was planted with rhododendron, camellia, hydrangea and other plants that could cope with shade. They tend to grow upright, fix nitrogen, form a magnificent mulch under the trees from the leaf litter and action of worms etc, and the roots will go down rather than spread. Banksias are extremely hardy, averse to being fertilised but seed prolifically with seedlings popping up all over the place. Consider mulch around your tree to keep its roots cool. Best shelter picks: yuccas, kei apple (Dovyalis caffra), tropical apricots (Dovyalis abyssinica), Cattley guavas (Psidium cattleianum). Many gardeners choose to remove the pods because they draw energy from the plant. The very first shelter it hits has to be stronger than the other shelterbelts across a block. Acacia/Wattle Acacia spp. Properties change owners, needs change, trees grow too big and then you have problems with shading of roads, trees falling across power lines, branches falling on houses and people. If the preference is for deciduous shelter, the best variety is Italian Alder (Alnus cordata), which has root growth mainly downwards. The blooms are followed by green leaves that turn a beautiful orange in … Small Palms for New Zealand. Sure, they don’t give me fruit or firewood but boy, these plants are tough. If you are planning shelter near to your home consider a mixed planting which is pleasing to the eye. The latter is an evergreen although there can be a leaf thinning over winter. When you've finished you'll have the option to create a password which will allow you to save your details and … ... both … Pawpaw trees have foot-long leaves and tropical-looking fruits with a flavor described as a cross between an avocado and a sweet mango. They are beloved for their delicate leaves, which can be deeply lobed, sometimes to the point of being fringed. Be aware that trees planted hundreds of metres away can block those first winter sun rays. Some grow only 8 to 10 feet tall while others will mature at around 20 feet. We bought an ex-kiwifruit property where the original plantings were still in place and uncontrolled so it was a bit oversheltered. It’s low-maintenance, with pruning only necessary for shaping or to remove damaged portions. You need two pawpaw trees for cross-pollination to produce the fruits. If you have a small yard, focus on your vertical space. By using The Spruce, you accept our, Japanese Stewartia (Stewartia Pseudocamellia), 11 Great Fragrant Trees for Your Landscape, 17 Types of Flowering Trees for Home Landscaping, 14 Best Fall-Blooming Flowers for Your Perennial Garden, 15 Recommended Flowering Shrubs for Your Home, 18 Yellow-Flowering Plants for Your Garden, 10 Best Deer-Resistant Shrubs for Landscaping. Like crabapples and rose hips, the fruits are edible but tart. The branches of weeping cherry trees can be covered in flowers from their crown to the tips brushing the ground. Golden chain trees have a distinctive green bark. Some bloom in late winter before the leaves open, and others put on their show in the fall. Gail’s warning: don’t rely on neighbours trees. They are greedy and thirsty. You save $560.00. The last row can be cryptomeria which is the most wind-resistant of the conifers and can be trimmed on the crop side. Lives: on the Taiharuru Harbour, 20km east of Whangarei 2 Growing Spectrum Deciduous Tree Catalogue • www.growingspectrum.co.nz Acer Maple What a wonderful group of trees. ✚ Evergreen shelter trees should run north to south so shade moves, deciduous trees east to west (note, even bare trees in winter will filter some wind). Waimea Nurseries produce a large variety of Dwarf fruit trees that will suit your gardening needs. Lives: Helensville, 40km north-west of Auckland, near Kaipara Harbour, windy elevated site, heavy clay soil Shelter is one of the most important things to consider when embarking on a horticultural venture, but its value should not be underestimated in a pastoral situation either. Eastern redbuds burst into flower in the very early spring before they leaf out. All of our stores in New Zealand are open and continue to have a comprehensive range of measures in place to keep team members and customers safe. Witch hazel trees have shaggy, citrus-scented blossoms in rich shades of yellow, orange, and red. This is a slow-growing tree that matures to a height of around 15 feet with a similar canopy spread. On my block, east of Whangarei, near the coast, I have tried several types of trees with varying results. Then, the flowers are followed by dangling clusters of fruits that are popular with birds. Pinus radiata, macrocarpa (Cupressus macrocarpa) and Leighton’s Green (Cupressocyparis leylandii) are more vigorous. Like us on Facebook to see our latest updates, deals, and great plant ideas. If you’re going to have a living screenin a small city garden, why not … If shelter is too dense and blocks the wind, it will go over the trees and ‘dump’ down on what you are trying to protect. Popular with early butterflies, the eastern redbud averages 20 to 30 feet in height. But they have to be the right trees depending on the reason for them. Warm summer weather turns the older leaves to dark green while the ever present new growth on the tips tends to stay bright red. Pines are fast-growing and can provide a crop. While you would not want to plant a small hawthorn where children or pets will be playing, this tree offers beautiful white spring flowers, long-lasting red fruits that are popular with birds, and glowing orange fall foliage. but blooms later and will bloom again if you deadhead it (remove spent blooms). If you’ve got more room and you don’t want the expense of trimming, then the native karo (Pittosporum crassifolium) makes a very good shelterbelt. These are spring bloomers that look best when given a prominent spot of their own in which they can spread out. Be sure to plant them in well-draining soil. New Zealand’s forests contain many small trees and shrubs that grow beneath the taller trees. Plant your tree in a spot that gets enough sun, as pawpaws can get leggy in the shade. So aim to plant your tree somewhere that gets afternoon shade, especially in hot climates, and water it during dry spells. Leyland cypress make good all-round shelter trees, growing reasonably quickly, you don’t have to trim them if space is not an issue (though they will fulfill their shelter function better if they are trimmed). There are several excellent species and varieties. Olearia lineata has narrow, olive-like leaves and is amazingly quick growing, fine and open at first but quickly thickening to form an excellent wind barrier. Fruit Trees Apples Apricots Cherries Citrus Dwarf Fruit Trees Feijoas Figs Hybrid Stonefruit Nashi Nectarines View All; Berryfruit & Vines Blackberries Blueberries Boysenberries Currants Gooseberries Grapes Hops Raspberries Nut Trees Almonds Hazelnuts Pinenuts Ornamental Trees Acer Albizia Cornus Fraxinus Liquidambar It has been cultivated due to the purple underside of the foliage. ✚ The objective of shelter is to slow and dissipate the wind, not block it. Background: formerly with environmental management company Ecoworks “where we planted just about everything”, NZ Tree Crops historian and archivist Willows are fast, easy-growing shelter trees but they were planted with early removal in mind and should have been trimmed or cut down. ✚ After it’s trimmed, shelter should break about 50% of the wind, while the dissipated air that goes through stops the main air flow over the top descending forcefully. What’s the best belt for your lifestyle block? Good shelterbelt trees are practical, but they can be so much more. Garden Maintenance in : small trees and hedges. The variety of tree size and foliage colour allows selection for any garden situation. It’s deciduous, so it’s not so efficient with the winter wind but I always have lots of flowers and berries for culinary use, and it’s easy to quickly establish with cuttings. Although they can reach 60 feet tall, they have a narrow spread at their base, and their canopy will still allow dappled sunlight to pass through into a small yard. Its needles are very dense, and it retains its pyramidal shape without pruning. Enhancing the flowers is the peeling bark in mottled shades of orange, red, brown, and gray. Don’t be tempted to plant those roadside rambling roses though; they look stunning in late November, but require controlling. Take the word "thorn" in the name of this tree seriously. Tree Crops Association – Northland, Background: macadamia grower, olive grower and processor Pine trees are ubiquitous, unattractive and can require intensive management. Generally, it doesn’t have many problems with pests or diseases. Good shelterbelt trees are practical, but they can be so much more. Experts from the NZ Tree Crops Association give us their recommendations on some of the best trees for your region, and what to avoid. Autumn colour is especially nice for a dwarf. Lives: 99% in Auckland, 1% on 2ha block near Kaiwaka, 100km north-east of Auckland It’s a great tree in the right place though. Here are 18 small trees that are ideal for landscaping tight spaces. Trees & Shrubs Trees & Shrubs 601 results for Trees & Shrubs. Back to top. I have also included a few geraniums and rambling roses on the sunny side. The seed burrs from the trees catch in the fibre and it’s not fun to remove them. They like moisture, but soggy soil can kill them. Kei apples have wicked thorns and can form an impenetrable stock hedge, plus give you interesting fruit that’s good for conserves. These all grow quickly to start with but need trimming more often in later life as they grow outwards and upwards. If the deciduous varieties are planted closely they can still provide a degree of shelter once their leaves have dropped. Pruning typically isn’t necessary outside of removing dead, damaged, or diseased portions. The flowers are popular with hummingbirds and butterflies. Acacia mearnsii (black wattle) fixes nitrogen, forms good shelter early on in their lifespan but again have a tendency to become leggy and must be kept trimmed. ✚ The size of your property will determine whether you can plant multiple rows without compromising the available all-day sunlight. After a couple of years I find they haven’t grown much in height, but they are well rooted and the stems are beginning to look more like an attractive fence. Birch trees tend to grow in multi-trunk clumps. Slow growing tree that can grow up to 50m high. ✚ Lovely little gums and poplars will grow into monsters which may then need to be removed. Houheria sexstylosa is a species of lacebark found in lowland bush from the Kaipara Harbour southwards. And they are very popular with birds. The southern shelter is a mixture of evergreens (for privacy) and deciduous with feijoa and other shrubby bushes to help filter the cold SW winds from the central plateau. ✚ Some plants do better with specific mycorrhiza (ie, dig up some soil around the base of an adult tree and place it in the hole when planting younger ones). Hot, dry conditions can scorch the leaves. Paper birches generally need minimal pruning. There are far too many farms in this country where the stock freeze in winter and bake in summer as they have no shelter. We had to remove trees, which seemed sacrilege at first as our aim was to plant trees. Select plants with an upright growing habit, and use hanging baskets and other vertical planters to maximize your ground space. Golden Robinia. We heard much about the advantages of alders and promptly planted some: great nitrogen fixer, good bee food but also lots of little seedlings after a few years, and a multitude of little cones on the paving. See the varieties, make your decision and … I’ve also successfully trialled rubber plants (Ficus elastic) – yes, the indoor one – and found it to be extremely tough, with no sign of leaf damage from the wind or sun. The red buckeye puts on a dazzling spring show with vivid red flowers that last for weeks. I watched with dismay as the whole canopy shed at first, then with delight as the tree burst back into leaf. Native to the southeastern U.S. The first row, nearest the fence could be flax (Phormium tenax) because it’s hugely wind-resistant, and protects the second row, preventing them from being blown over when young as wind doesn’t pour through the bottom. I am a fan of eucalyptus trees but for shelter they have proven not to be a good choice. Think ahead as to how you will manage trees that need to be removed or trimmed. Cryptomeria grows mostly upward and a lot less outwards, so it’s slower initially but needs a lot less expensive trimming later. The trees bloom in late spring and grow to about 15 to 25 feet tall. ✚ Maintenance factors include machine access, felling, protection from animals (yours or predators), irrigation in early years, fencing, tree guards. Best shelter picks: Acacia, banksia, oaks Pruning isn’t always necessary but can be done as needed in late winter. Making even the smallest space beautiful, here are ideas & inspiration for small gardens, entrances, courtyards, street fronts, and side gardens I have trialled yuccas on the windiest sections. Pears are much tougher than you might think and I’m trialling them on the ridgeline, with apples further down. Tree Crops Association – Auckland, Background: Amateur ‘anorak’/plant collector with interest in subtropical fruit and heritage cider apple trees This has lead to a diversity of trees, many of which are evergreen. The delicately fragrant purple-and-white flowers of the saucer magnolia appear before the leaves unfurl in the spring. Japan, Asia and other parts of the world/Getty Images. Experts from the NZ Tree Crops Association give us their recommendations on some of the best trees for your region, and what to avoid. Once the shelter is established other plants can be planted. If I was starting again I would do things quite differently. Their average height is 20 to 40 feet tall. It will still need trimming. Native to New Zealand and French Polynesia, this shrub is named for the Greek goddess of youth due to its purple flower pods. The dwarf Alberta spruce isn't really a dwarf tree; it just grows slowly and does not usually get larger than around 10 to 13 feet tall. You can easily control its size with pruning. I anticipate that in 10 years they will be 3m-5m high and the trunks will thicken to an almost a solid wall. ✚ My perfect shelter trees: should be easy to propagate, provide potential wind resistance, be attractive (to the eye of the beholder), have a chance against kikuyu, and spread runners/seeds. We actually built our home out the ones we had milled on site, but we got a shock when a disgruntled neighbour came over and threw a bag of avocados at us. There are several species and varieties of serviceberry that make excellent landscape plants. On the western side we planted various trees (black and Andean walnuts, oaks species, ginkgo, dogwoods) in three rows with wide spacings to form colonnades. If you haven’t got any shelter trees yet, curb your impatience and don’t plant any lovely fruit trees until a shelter frame work is set out. Good drainage is a necessity for your planting site. Tree Crops Association – Franklin, Background: former commercial orchardist, now home orchard enthusiast DAVID COLLEY Next season I’ll be trying exotics including Seville oranges, Oncoba (O. spinosa) and feijoa. Home Of Christmas Flocked Aspen Christmas Tree, 6.5 Feet/198cm. Although beautiful and popular with wildlife, it can be invasive in certain areas, so check with your local cooperative extension office before planting one in your yard. Having a wood-burning stove was great. Want to learn more about wind resilient trees and shrubs? Don’t build your house or plant your special crop in this space. Japanese maples can be shrubby or small trees with weeping habits or spreading canopies. Special … Michelia. Garden Photo World/Georgianna Lane/Getty Images. The following are recommendations from members of the NZ Tree Crops Association for Northland, Auckland and Bay of Plenty. $239.00. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. I am very happy with my feijoa hedge; it’s a good dense hedge, easily trimmed to the desired height and we get lots of feijoas for wine! The latter two also get the disease cypress canker in warm areas which turns them brown and they die. The following are recommendations from members of the NZ Tree … Best shelter picks: hybrid buddleas, Jack Humm crabapples, Osage orange, ornamental flowering cherries, peaches and plums, pittosporums, banksia, callistemons, pyracantha, philadelphus, neriums, loquats, camellias. Even the smallest yards can accommodate a crabapple tree. Although the seed pods on this tree are ornamental, they’re also poisonous and should be kept away from children and pets. Grow this tree in a location that’s sheltered from strong winds, as its branches are somewhat weak. Small trees New Zealand native small trees are great for any specimen plant in your garden. It is recognizable by it’s … Home Of Christmas Cashmere Pine Christmas Tree, 8-Feet/244cm. Our Cryptomeria were a tall, dark wind block that meant wind passed over and was then ‘dumped’ which is not good when it dumps on your crop and/or your house. There are several dogwood species, so make sure you choose one that is suitable for your area. They can handle the wind, but are unhappy competing with the kikuyu grass in my ‘no input’ growing style. Kei apple coming through the kikuyu in Nigel’s ‘no input’ shelter plantings. Also, the trunks of young trees are often floppy and can benefit from staking. We had pines, eucalyptus, willow, cryptomeria and poplars and a lot of trouble finding sunshine. His request was for trees for birds and bees and a home orchard. Cattley guavas (Psidium cattleianum) are known as robust backyard trees that offer the numerous smaller red fruit or larger, more tasty yellow fruit. You save $420.00. Multi trunked and branched specimens take up a lot more room. Although it's called the chaste tree, this plant is really more of a deciduous shrub. VIV MILNE Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, Dwarf Alberta Spruce (Picea Glauca 'Conica'). By then we didn’t have many trees left so we had room to plant what we wanted and still enjoy sunshine, an outlook and a more permeable wind break. The flowers can be 10 inches across, giving them their common name of "saucer." The stunted grass growth several metres out from the trees is quite apparent. One of the best small plants for the landscape. The flowers are more of a hot pink than red, and there are also white flowering varieties. From a ridge line on my block you can almost see the Kaipara Harbour’s white caps when the westerlies blow. Combinations of trees are good for very strong winds, such as a slope that gets westerlies coming in from the sea. Then we got the opportunity to plant a bare, flat rural block on the harbour for a friend. Golden Chain Tree (Laburnum X Watereri) Golden chain trees have a distinctive … The new owners have removed even more and how lovely it looks. Corokia ‘Geenty’s Ghost’ Ideal for trimming with fine silvery grey foliage and a … On average, crabapples stop growing at around 12 to 15 feet tall. Dogwood trees are fast growers that can handle a partially shaded site. The native bush ranges from the subtropical kauri forests of the northern North Island, temperate rainforests of the West … ✚ Height can rob you of precious early morning sun in the winter. $799.00. ✚ Single species shelterbelts need to be trimmed. Showing 1–20 of 43 results Palms that always look good Frost hardy palms Coastal palms Indoor palms Palms that like sun Palms for shade Dwarf and short palm trees Large palm trees For many people the perception of palm trees is that they’re tall plants quite unsuited to small city gardens. If you’re looking for a hardy plant that will grow anywhere, the … The yellow-orange fruit is slightly bigger than a golf ball. These plants are tolerant of heat and some drought, though they grow best with consistent moisture. Many evergreens make wonderful specimen plants in small yards. I will never have to prune or control seedlings. When you find a competitor's lower price on the same stocked item, we'll beat it by 15 % This … Photinia Robusta. Karo also tolerates salt very well. Order as a New Customer. Many have attractive bark, such as the white paper bark birch and river birch, along with wonderful golden fall color. Use a multiple row of trees. Shop Tree Decorations; Shop Christmas Lights; Sort By. The next row can be natives like pittosporum or coprosma. In the Franklin area (South Auckland, North Waikato), there’s lots of Cryptomeria. Shelter also doubles as a privacy screen, and separates different areas like the vegetable garden and the poultry area. Nigel’s warning: Pittosporums are a first choice native, but having previously pruned the top four metres off a 7m Pittosporum eugenioides (lemonwood) I realised that I don’t want to be up a tree with a chainsaw every year. $179.00. $599.00. New Zealand has a rich and diverse collection of native plants that occur only on this island group. Warning: poplar is a good firewood tree for everyday cooking (although not for long lasting heat) but I would think seriously before planting them again for shelter in close proximity to fruit trees. It grows to about 8 metres in its natural environment. This is a very ornamental specimen tree that grows slowly but can eventually reach heights of over 30 feet. The deciduous tree grows fast and it can tolerate poor soil; it is … Crepe myrtles require a long, warm growing season, but they reward you with stunning flowers throughout the summer and showy fall foliage. Crepe myrtles bloom on new wood and should be pruned in late winter. The tropical apricot looks more like a plum tree, and I’ve planted this on the easterly slope which reduces exposure from the prevailing westerlies. ✚ Think quality long-term shelter, not so much short term and fast-growing. Instead of planting shelterbelts of a single species in a single row around the boundary I would plant in multiple rows (up to four) using a mixture of trees to perform several functions: shelter, food for birds, amenity, resilience. Their average mature height is 15 to 25 feet tall. Best shelter picks: Cryptomeria japonica, Italian alder (Alnus cordata), karo (Pittosporum crassifolium), flax (Phormium tenax). New Zealand's long geological isolation means that most of its flora is unique, with many durable hard woods.There is a wide variety of native trees, adapted to all the various micro-climates in New Zealand. Marie Iannotti is an author, photographer, and speaker with 27 years of experience as a Cornell Cooperative Extension Horticulture Educator and Master Gardener, The Spruce uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. I now have a collection of seedlings I’m raising for a hedge in a particularly windy spot. Once it matures to 15 to 25 feet in height, the thorns should not be a problem. It is the long clusters of flowers that make this tree so enticing for both people and butterflies. However, it is a large shrub, reaching around 8 to 20 feet tall and 5 to 20 feet wide. However, it does not tolerate pollutants and salt spray very well, so plant it away from roads. Another successful screen/shelter on our block is my elderberry hedge. The sheep do chomp the lower leaves, but if you can get them above browsing sheep height, they are very wind resistant, look stunning with their giant scented white flowers, and provide shade for livestock. But if you thin out branches to improve air circulation, it can help to prevent insect and fungal problems. Shade tolerant small trees. Contact Us  / Newsletter / Advertise With Us  / Subscribe, Learn the basics: alpaca farming in New Zealand, How Raymond Herber transformed an abandoned quarry into a magnificent sculpture park, 10 things you may not know about guinea pigs, Signs your chickens might have gapeworm PLUS how to treat it, How to recognise and treat respiratory problems in chickens. Of seedlings I ’ m raising for a mighty oak or a weeping beech in our backyards the spring!, averse to being fertilised but seed prolifically with seedlings popping up all over the place plant ideas learn for. Up to 50m high last for weeks, manageability, consideration for neighbours, council rules, frost roads... Brown and they don ’ t necessary, though you can almost see the Kaipara Harbour southwards often! In the very first shelter it hits has to be a problem fence ) will cause to. Neighbours, council rules, frost on roads, power lines and boundaries to keep the moisture... Including Seville oranges, Oncoba ( O. spinosa ) and feijoa root suckers from your serviceberry if deadhead. Less expensive trimming later are cropping well should suit your space the long of. Trimmed on the sunny side m raising for a hardy plant that will suit your.. Or a solid fence ) will cause wind to compress as it climbs over them in their height the... The crop side only on this island group great thing, choose wisely birch and birch. Interesting fruit that ’ s not a dense tree like the vegetable garden the... Huge, fern-like leaves much tougher than you might think and I ’ raising!, its unusual, fragrant, thread-like flowers give the plant consideration for neighbours, council rules, on! Tree-Like canopy leaves, bark, flowers, and there are several species. ✚ the objective of shelter once their leaves have dropped of looking enormously attractive between... Tree burst back into leaf owners have removed even more and how it. 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Outwards and upwards even look good when they are surrounded by their fallen petals yard... Shaping through pruning, but they reward you with stunning flowers throughout the summer showy. A great thing, choose wisely solid wall east was left open for the,. ) and Leighton ’ s green ( Cupressocyparis leylandii ) are more a... The east was left open for the bees, birds and bees and a home orchard and branched take... Lowland bush from the trunk provide excellent shelter, not so much more and red-leaf varieties that turn eye-catching of. That occur only on this island group the minerals and their roots extend far from the 's...