In Syria and Lebanon, the young leaves are used to make a special kind of egg omelette (along with onions and flour) called ijjeh. During the Middle Ages, it was believed to hold magical qualities and people hung fennel plants over their doors to drive away evil spirits. The following monograph on fennel is an excerpt from the forthcoming book The Essential Guide to Western Botanical Medicine. It marries especially well with the flavor of oranges, making it a great addition to orange cakes. Layton, UT: Peregrine Smith Books; 1993:92. How To Grow Fennel Fennel is a spice and a medicinal plant with a long tradition. It may be blanched or marinated, or cooked in risotto. Fennel fruits, Indian recipes using. I used the bulb of the Fennel and and a med onion sliced and both, mixed the two together but 1/2 of it on the bottom of a slow cooker placed a 6 pound chicken on top, seasoned the chicken inside and out added the rest of the onion fennel mixture on top, turned slow cooker on High and left it in there till about 6:00 pm. Fennel leaves make a lovely, edible garnish and are used to season soups and sauces. An herbal tea or tisane can be made from fennel.[28]. This is likely one of the reasons it is included in weight loss formulas, though it was also used historically as an appetite suppressant. Plant fennel seeds or transplants in a sunny, well-drained bed that has been amended with compost. A 100-gram reference amount of fennel fruits provides 1,440 kilojoules (345 kilocalories) of food energy, and is a rich source (20% or more of the Daily Value, DV) of protein, dietary fiber, B vitamins and several dietary minerals, especially calcium, iron, magnesium and manganese, all of which exceed 100% DV (table). General uses. The Name: Foeniculum is derived from the Latin word feniculum or fenuculum meaning “hay,” referring to its sweet odor. Cut a fresh fennel bulb into quarters or eighths, depending on size, toss with olive oil and vinegar, and roast on a baking sheet until tender (try 20 minutes at 400 for starters). ruburum, F. vulgare var. Fennel is a tall herb with hollow stems and yellow flowers. Rinse the bulb. To encourage compliance, it’s important to assess whether a patient enjoys the taste before including it in herbal compounds. 7. The seeds and oil are also used for inflammation and are employed to reduce asthma and bronchitis symptoms and to treat rheumatoid arthritis. Tincture: Fresh seed [1:2, 95% alcohol] or dry seed [1:5, 60% alcohol]; consume 15-60 drops, up to three times a day. Online Etymology Dictionary Web site. Consume one to two drops of the spirits, one to three times a day. Florence fennel bulbs are the basis for this light and lively salad. Fennel, Foeniculum vulgare, is a particularly ornamental culinary herb, which works equally as well in ornamental borders as it does in herb and vegetable gardens.Fennel has very finely divided foliage and attractive, plate-like yellow flowers followed by aromatic seeds. The type of fennel you choose to grow will depend on what part of the fennel plant you wish to use -- the bulb, the fronds or the seeds. In Europe, fennel water, also known as la gripe water, was a household remedy for infant colic. [25] Both the inflated leaf bases and the tender young shoots can be eaten like celery. have finely divided, hairlike leaves; their roots have a delicate rice-like odor, unlike the musty odor of hemlock. Fennel is a flowering plant species in the carrot family. Fennel is used in many different cuisines, from Indian to Italian, to contemporary fusion, and all parts of the plant are used, including the leaves, seeds, and bulb. of 137. muted floral pattern pastel plants dill seamless pastel color design blossoming branch of fennel on a white fennel flower illustration fennel vector fennel leaves flower pastel color floral pastel color. The herb is a biennial or perennial grown in temperate climates, and an annual when grown in colder climates. [11], Fennel fruits are sometimes confused with those of anise, which are similar in taste and appearance, though smaller. [21][22], The bulb, foliage, and fruits of the fennel plant are used in many of the culinary traditions of the world. Fennel seed has galactogogue actions, increasing the supply of breast milk. When growing fennel, choose a sunny location in … Today, its crisp anise flavo… Glycerite: Fresh [1:2,50% glycerin and 50% alcohol];consume 15-60 drops, up to three times a day. Cicely, or sweet cicely, is sometimes grown as an herb; like fennel, it contains anethole, so has a similar aroma, but is lower-growing (up to 2 metres or 6 ft 7 in) and has large umbels of white flowers and leaves that are fern-like rather than threadlike. On account of its aromatic properties, fennel fruit forms one of the ingredients of the well-known compound liquorice powder. It is indigenous to the shores of the Mediterranean but has become widely naturalized in many parts of the world, especially on dry soils near the sea-coast and on riverbanks. Tea: The seeds can be prepared as a standard infusion, cold infusion, or a decoction. Fennel flowers and seed. Fennel fruits are the primary flavor component in Italian sausage. The volatile oils contained in the seed stimulate the mucus membranes in the digestive tract, encouraging motility and peristalsis. Fennel, perennial herb of the carrot family grown for its aromatic shoots, leaves, and seeds. Hailing from the Mediterranean Basin, fennel may now be a familiar sight on coastlines and plains across the world, but behind it there is a long history of human use that spans from stem to seed to flower, mainly due to fennel's pleasant aroma, which has lent itself to culinary feats for centuries, but also to its long list of medicinal benefits. The seed tincture or tea is effective for treating intestinal spasms that result from conditions such as irritable bowel syndrome, ulcerative colitis, Crohn’s disease, leaky gut syndrome, Celiac’s disease, and intestinal candidiasis. Lomatium is an important historical food plant of Native Americans known as 'biscuit root'. [17], Fennel has become naturalized along roadsides, in pastures, and in other open sites in many regions, including northern Europe, the United States, southern Canada, and much of Asia and Australia. The bulb is a crisp vegetable that can be sautéed, stewed, braised, grilled, or eaten raw. Add it to salads, use it in our epic sausage and fennel pasta bake or discover its subtle flavour in this white wine chicken one-pot. Florence fennel is a key ingredient in some Italian and German salads, often tossed with chicory and avocado, or it can be braised and served as a warm side dish. (Its leaves are similar to those of dill, but thinner.) [7], As Old English finule, fennel is one of the nine plants invoked in the pagan Anglo-Saxon Nine Herbs Charm, recorded in the 10th century. Warsaw, IN: Wendell W. Whitman Company; 1998:90. Black cumin, (Nigella sativa), also called black seed, black caraway, Roman coriander, kalonji, or fennel flower, annual plant of the ranunculus family (Ranunculaceae), grown for its pungent seeds, which are used as a spice and in herbal medicine. The leaves grow up to 40 centimetres (16 in) long; they are finely dissected, with the ultimate segments filiform (threadlike), about 0.5 millimetres (1⁄50 in) wide. Capsules: Consume two “00” capsules, up to three times per day. Pedersen M. Nutritional Herbology: A Reference Guide to Herbs. Fennel. Ancient Romans cultivated fennel for its succulent edible shoots and fruits. https://www.greatbritishchefs.com/ingredients/fennel-pollen-recipes The Latin word for the plant was ferula, which is now used as the genus name of a related plant. [8], In the 15th century, Portuguese settlers on Madeira noticed the abundance of wild fennel, and used the Portuguese word funcho (fennel) and the suffix -al to form the name of a new town, Funchal.[9]. Fennel seeds contain estragole, fenchone and anethole, which contribute to the plant's antispasmodic and anti-inflammatory properties. Fennel was believed to restore vision and strengthen the eyes. Fennel Flower, or Nutmeg Flower, is a small Asiatic annual, native to Syria, not in any way related to the Fennel, but belonging to the buttercup order of plants and grown to a limited extent in southern Europe and occasionally in other parts of the world. If your recipe only calls for the bulb, discard or store the stalk and fronds. Among the Romans it was esteemed in cooking, hence one of its common names, Roman Coriander. Energetic Properties: Warm, sweet, bitter, and acrid. © Copyright 1997-2013 The Northwest School For Botanical Studies. In a pesto. Sow in early spring in small pots or modules under cover, or in mid-spring direct where it is to grow. According to Ayurveda: Fennel seeds reduce all 3 Trodosha (Vata, Pita, Kapha). azoricum, Common Name(s): Fennel, bronze fennel,bitter fennel, sweet fennel, fenkel, hinojo (Spanish), finocchio (Italian), shatapushpa (Sanskrit), xiao hui xiang (Chinese). In chillier conditions, it leaps up into flower before the base has swelled into anything even remotely edible. Washington, D.C.: National Geographic Society; 2006: 166-167. Herb fennel does not produce the same bulbous stem. Fennel fruit is also used in the production of akvavit. Prepare it. Fennel was prized by the ancient Greeks and Romans who used it as medicine, food, and insect repellent. Synonyms Ferula communis 'Gigantea' . They can be used as a seasoning in recipes with pod fruit, vegetables, salads, and poultry. Dried fennel seeds are used in cooking as an anise-flavoured spice. Advertisement. It has spasmolytic and mucolytic actions for the digestive and respiratory tract. Fennel leaves or seeds were boiled in barley water and consumed by nursing mothers to increase the flow of breast milk and impart strength to the infant. Fennel magical properties include the treatment of respiratory conditions such as congestion, bronchitis, and coughing. They are also used as a condiment and as a corrigent or adjuvant of purgative and tonic medicines. Skenderi G. Herbal Vade Mecum. It has been reported to have estrogen-like activities; therefore, internal consumption of the essential oil should be avoided by individuals with estrogen-sensitive conditions (reproductive cancers, tumors, or cysts). Plant fennel seeds after the last frost of winter in temperatures between 50 and 70 F. It will need plenty of space, so don't forget to add more than you might otherwise. http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=fennel&allowed_in_frame=0. Dried fennel fruit is an aromatic, anise-flavored spice, brown or green in color when fresh, slowly turning a dull grey as the fruit ages. The leaves of bulb fennel are just as tasty as those from herb fennel, and bulb fennel’s compact size make it an easy fit in small gardens. The seeds from which the herb is grown (fennel seed) can also be used in cooking. It also prevents cramping that result from cooling bitter herbs that stimulate excretion of bile from the gall bladder, such as Cheladonium (celandine), Cynara (artichoke leaf), Gentiana (gentian), or Berberis (Oregon grape). [6] In Hesiod's Theogony, Prometheus steals the ember of fire from the gods in a hollow fennel stalk. Fennel properties and benefits. The epithet vulgare originates from the Latin word vulgaris meaning “of or pertaining to the common people, common, or vulgar”.1 During the Middle Ages, Feoniculum was corrupted to fanculum, which evolved into the common name fenkel. Health Benefits: Fennel flowers contain high levels of potassium, sodium, vitamin A, C, B6, iron, calcium and magnesium. It is indigenous to the shores of the Mediterranean but has become widely naturalized in many parts of the world, especially on dry soils near the sea-coast and on riverbanks. Bitter and sweet fennel are both used as herbs. Fennel is at its best between June and September, so make good use of it while you can with our fantastic fennel recipes! Treats respiratory issues . It is erect, glaucous green, and grows to heights of up to 2.5 metres (8 ft), with hollow stems. The seeds have a cooling effect on the body. At its maturity, fennel reaches a height of three feet. Fennel is a hardy perennial member of the family Apiaceae (carrots) that is used for food, medicine, and perfumery. There are various medicinal uses and benefits associated with fennel. It reduces griping caused by the more potent purgative and laxative herbs used for treating constipation. Fennel is also used as a flavoring in some natural toothpastes. All parts of the fennel plant are edible, from its tender leaves to its plump seeds. Once planted, it is difficult to eradicate. The fennel flowers are small, yellow flowers that grow in clusters. Fennel is also used in a series of products intended to reduce the effects of PMS as well as in traditional remedies such as an analgesic or calming agent for menopausal women. The tender bulbs are edible in the fall of the first year, but they can become very fibrous after that season. Any part of fennel is edible, from the bulb to the seeds and the flowers. Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare) is a flowering plant species in the carrot family. Historical Uses: Fennel has been employed as food and medicine throughout the world and is used today in India, China, Europe, and North America. After the bulb grows to about 2 inches in length, cover it with soil or mulch, which will make it tender. Overview. Botanical Name(s): Foeniculum vulgare, F. vulgare var. 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